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Archaeological department was opened on the base of the Khabarovsk Regional Lore Museum in 1998. It is placed at the separate building which before October revolution was the property of a merchant V.P. Lubben, the owner of a brewery. Archaeological reserves of the museum include more than 35000 items. 1200 of them are of great scientific value and they are available to visitors in the archaeological department.
Collections of A.P. Okladnikov and V.K. Arsenyev and also materials of the museum archaeologists A.V. Deryugin, Yu.M. Vasilyev and others are the basis of archaeological reserves. The scientific conception of the department was worked out by I.Ya. Shevkomud the candidate of historical sciences. A.A. Suchkov the member of the Russian Association of artists represented his architectural-artistic project of exposition. The scientific worker archaeologist A.V. Malyavin took an active part in the reconstruction of typological complexes.
There are five thematic sections in the exposition which cover the period from the origin of human beings to the Mongolian invasion.
Cultures of the Palaeolithic period or the so
The remnants of the most ancient pottery which was made in the Low Amur 13000 years ago arose the great interest. Impressive brightly ornamented ceramics of the Middle and Late Neolithic Age astonish our imagination. There are also fragments of big vessels painted with raddle and also bas-relief depictures of human faces and animals.
Illustrations, pictures and exhibits of the third section
inform on the monumental memorials of the ancient art in Priamurye -
cliff-pictures and petroglyphs. The first of them appeared 8000-10000
years ago. Visitors' attention is attracted by the copies of the basaltic
blocks made in the settlement Sikachi-Alyan. There are depictures of
human faces on the stones cut out by hands of ancient people.
In the epoch of the ancient metal people began to use iron instead of stone. Metal became one of the main materials for making tools and armour. That stimulated the great industrial development as well as rapid spreading of permanent settlements. A fragment of an ancient dwelling is reconstructed in the diorama. In its interior one can see hunting and fishing tackle. There are spear-heads, bones of animals, net sinkers, fish-forks there, near the fire-place there are burnt millet grains. It is the best proof of the fact that economy of ancient people had many branches with predomination of agriculture and cattle-breeding.
The developed culture of the Iron Age gave good grounds for establishing of the first states in the Far East - Bokhai, Tzsin (the Gold Empire of chzhurchzhenies) and others dated from the V-XIII centuries A.D. The history of their establishing was closely connected with conflicts and wars. The patterns of the Middle Age armament are also exposed here. Among them there are armour (coats of mail), arrows and arrow-heads, spears, harness of war horses. Visitors' attention is usually drawn by men belts composed of bronze, iron, silver ore gold plates. The remains of temples-facing bricks, tiles with relief ornament found by archaeologists are a real decoration of the Middle Age section.
Possibly, the culture of Amur chzhurchzhenies was the basis for cultures of forefathers of the modern Amur peoples Udes, Ulchies, Nanais, Nivkhs and others.
Traveling from one section to the other visitors can have a look upon many milleniums and penetrate into the atmosphere of ancient epochs.
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