A. N. Demidov. Historical
- cultural heritage
DEMIDOV SQUARE IN BARNAUL
The project of Central
(Demidov) square in Barnaul. 20-s years of XIX c.
Demidov square. "Demidov
pillar" and a building of a mining school. Postcard. Beginning of XX c.
Demidov square. A building
of the almhouse
with Dm. Rostovsky Church.
Photo from a postcard of
the beginning of XX c.
Demidov square. A building
of the mining hospital. Postcard. Beginning of XX c.
|One of Barnaul
squares is called Demidov square.
In the middle of XIX c it was a public centre of the city situated not
far from the Barnaul silver-smelting works. An ensemble of the square that
was called to be "a part of St. Petersburg" was built in 1820 -1850.
The square was named after the Demidov pillar, an obelisk in
honour of 100 years of mining in Altai.
The pillar was erected in the period of 1825 - 1839. It is 14 m high
and made of grey granite processed in Altai. First there were memorial
bronze plates with inscriptions:
The obelisk is erected by suggestion of P.
K. Frolov, a district-chief of the Kolyvano - Voskresensky Works.
Architector Ya. N. Popov.
"To 100 years of the Kolyvano - Voskresensky Works occured in the reign
of the Imperor Alexander the 1."
"The Kolyvano - Voskresensky Works was founded by a councillor of State
Demidov in 1725. Became the property of His Imperial Majesty in the reign
of the empress Elizaveta the 1 in 1747."
The Demidov pillar in Barnaul is one of few monuments in Russia
perpetuated the name of Akinfy Demidov and an
important historic event that is the foundation and development of mining
in Altai that provided the Russian Imperia with silver in XVIII - XIX c.
Created in traditions of the Russian classicism an ensemble of the square
is composed of buildings of a mining school, a hospital, an almhouse with
Dm. Rostovsky Church.
Architectors: A. I. Molchanov, Ya. N. Popov, L. I. Ivanov,
I. N. Shreiber
LITTLE KNOWN AUTOGRAPH
E. P. Demidov San-Donato
(Born 1868 - dead appr. after
A chasseur master, a councillor
of State, a Honorary Guardian of the "Demidov Charity House for workers"
in St. Petersburg.
Autographs of the participants
of the expedition.
|A book "Signs
manual of the persons honoured the Barnaul Museum" with their presence"
begins in 1829 with an autograph of Alexander Gumboldt, a world-wide
traveller and a german naturalist.
For 170 years many famous russian and foreign scientists, travellers,
politicians, literature and art workers left their signs in the book...
In the 3 page there are autographs of Elim Pavlovich Demidov San
Donato and his wife S. I. Demidova ( Vorontsova - Dashkova born
), a married couple of Englishmen Littledale and a doctor of the
expedition Nevsky travelled together with him.
A 3-month expedition undertaken in the summer of 1897 had for an object
to hunt wild argali sheep at the border of Altai
and Mongolia. The results of hunting were described by E. P. Demidov
in the september issue of the magazine "Nature and Hunting" ( 1897
) and were accompanied by a photo of "hunting trophies" taken by Demidov
himself in Kosh-Agach.
Elim Pavlovich said in the Travel Notes published in London in 1900:
"We arrived in Barnaul
on the 30th of May. General Boldyrev placed his house at our disposal...
We planned to leave Barnaul on the 3 of June. The weather was cold and
rainy all the time... We visited an interesting museum where there
was even a stuffed tiger shot in former times in this place.".
Elim Pavlovich Demidov left his autograph in the Visitors' Book
of the museum where there were materials about the development of mining
in Altai started by his ancestors.
FREDERIC GEBLER - DEMIDOV
Gebler Frederic Vilgelmovich
(1781, Germany, Zeilenrod
- 1850, Russia, Barnaul)
Portrait by M. I. Myagkov
(First half of XIX c)
|Frederic Gebler was a medical
inspector of the Altai mining district, an entomologist, a founder of
the "Barnaul Museum". A glacier on Beluha , the highest peak of the
Altai Mountains is called by his name.
In Altai where Gebler lived 40 years
he became famous not only as a doctor but also as a scientist - naturalist.
He is an author of a number of works appeared in separate editions and
articles published in domestic and foreign scientific magazines. His scientific
interests covered a wide range of questions connected with the exploration
of Altai nature: geography, botany, entomology, etc . A collection of F.
Gebler's books that includes his own works and papers of european scientists
he maintained scientific contacts with is kept in the museum.
of beetles observed in the Kolyvano - Voskresensky mining district in the
south of the Western Siberia" is one of the most important works of the
of insects" is a book of a famous Danish entomologist with a Gebler's autograph.
F. Gebler was a member of many russian and european scientific societies
including the Moscow society of naturalists, the society of Rein naturalists
in Meinz, the Paris society of Kuvie, etc . K. Ledebur and A. Gumboldt
knew about his scientific work and met him in Barnaul.
Gebler F. V. is one of few explorers of Altai who became an Associate
Member of the
Russian Academy of Sciences ( 1833
In 1837 F. Gebler was honoured with Demidov prize for Altai explorations
conducted in 1833 - 1835 and described in his book "A review of the
Katun Mountains with their highest peak Beluha in the russian Altai".
Beluha. A source of the
Katun River - a Katun glacier explored by F. Gebler and named after him.
Postcards. Beginning of XX
Demidov prizes were instituted by Pavel Nikolaevich Demidov (1798
- 1840), a councillor of State, a gentleman in attendance, a great grandson
of the founder of mining in Altai. These prizes were awarded by the
Russian Academy of Sciences in the period
from 1832 till 1865.
DEMIDOV PRIZES IN ALTAI
|The Humanitarian prizes of the Altai centre of the International Demidov
Fund were instituted in 1993. The Altai centre is headed by a writer Alexander
The prizes are awarded by the Council for prizes and presented on the
27 of February. Just on this day in 1726 it was issued an Edict about the
Berg - College that let A. Demidov to work Altai ores. The prizes are presented
in such sectors as History, Architecture, Literature, Art, Music - Mastery
Art, Enterprise, Educational Programs, Public Activity, Young talants.
About 30 representatives of the creative intellectuals of Altai have
become Demidov prize laureates for 5 years of the Fund's activity. They
are famous in Altai historians, musicians, writers and poets, painters,
The Humanitarian Demidov prize
first laureates. 1993.
Architector P. I. Anisiforov
Explorer of regional lore V. F. Grishaev
Writer E. G. Gushchin
Drawer V. A. Ramensky
Historian A. D. Sergeev
Geologist V. M. Chekalin
In the photo (from left to
right): P. I. Anisiforov, V. F. Grishaev, V. A. Ramensky, A. D. Sergeev,
V. M. Chekalin, E. G. Gushchin.
Photo from the paper "Dobryi