Altai State Regional Studies Museum. Fragment of a fencing
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Ancient miners

Copper and polymetal ores were worked in Altai even in ancient times, which is indicated by the so-called "Chudskie mines", the traces of ancient miners'  work - dumps of rock, collapsed galleries. The origin of the "Chudskie mines" dates back to the second half of the 3 millennium B. C. when the first metallurgy centres appeared in the South Siberia. The mineral wealth of Altai favoured it.
Postcard. Altai. Beginning of XX c
Postcard. Altai. Beginning of XX c.
The first information about ore wealth of Altai was received in Moscow from russian explorers in XVI - XVII c. In XVIII - XIX c mining engineers ( I. I. Leibe, I. F. German, P. S. Palass and others ) gave a discriptions of the "Chudskie mines". They noted that having found deposits of gold, silver, copper ancient miners extracted rich ores of upper layers and threw out rocks and poor ores into the dumps.
Modern photo of area of ancient mining
A modern territory of Zmeinogorsk  is a settlement of ancient miners
Archeologists found stone tools for mining in the place of ancient mine workings. Especially many of them were found   near the mountain Zmeeva ( the territory of Zmeinogorsk ).
Photos of instruments of work of the ancient miners
Ancient tools for mining. Zmeeva mountain. Found in 1949. 
The first bronze wares appeared in XVII - XV c B. C.. The period of XIV - XII c B. C. grew into the period of bronze epoch flourishing.The collection of the museum presents all the main types of bronze wares of that epoch: spears, daggers, knives, decorations.
Bronze wares ( XVII - XV c B. C.)
Bronze wares ( XVII - XV c B. C.). Found on the territory of the Tretyakov district.
Bronze tip (VIII - VI c B. C.)
Bronze tip with an elk figure. VIII - VI c B. C.  Shtabka. The Pavlovsk district.
Fragment of the treasure of bronze wares (VI-V c B. C.)
Bronze wares of the Kulaiskaya culture.  VI V c B. C.  Novoobintsevo.  The Shelaboliha district.

A large mining territory called Rudny Altay ( the Zmeinogorsky mine, the Ridderskoe and Zyryanovskoe deposits... ) was discovered in the place of ancient mine workings in XVIII c.

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