Voivode Meshcherinov’s Massacre of the Participants of the Solovetsk Rebellion  1668-1676

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Unknown artist of the early XIX century (M.V.Grigoriev ?)

Moscow Centre.

Voivode Meshcherinov’s Massacre of the Participants of the Solovetsk Rebellion 1668-1676

Paper, ink, tempera. 69 х 102

No title. Explanatory inscriptions (in succession of the episodes): Осади воевода обитель и постави наряд пушечен мног, и сташа бити по обители боем огненным денно же и нощно, не усыпаючи; воевода царской Иван Мещеринов; вои царские; изшед навст<...> с кресты, иконы и кандилы и убия их; мученники за древлеблагочестие; игумен и келарь, влекомые воями к Мещеринову на мучения; иноци иже во мразы лютейшие с монастыря изгнаша в губу морскую и их в льдах заморози, и лежах тела их A <1> лета нетленны, прильпе бо плоть к кости и недвигнуся суставы; царю же Алексию Михайловичю, боляще сущу, и мня, си аще за грех пред преподобными наказание приях, и написа грамоту вручи царице Наталии Кириловне, да не мотчав ко Мещеринову отправит, да престанет обитель воевати; гонец царской; гонец Мещеринова; град Вологда; гонец царской встрети на пути во граде Вологде гонца от воеводы Мещеринова с грамотою о раззорении монастыря.

Inv. 45458

Purchased in 1909 at the fair in Moscow.
Shown are the events of the massacre of the rebellion of the monks in Solovetsk monastery against the Patriarch Nikon’s church reforms. The picture illustrates the book by S.Denisov «Istoriya ob otseh i stradal’tseh solovetskih», written in 1730-ies. By now six variants of wall-sheets on this subject are known, three of which seem to be closely inter-related and all come back to the same original, while the other three were executed independently, although their authors followed the traditional way of interpretation of the subject. The picture demonstrates considerable dependence (text and images) on the manuscript novel «Opisaniye litsevoye velikoy osady i razoreniya monastyrya solovetskogo», written in the late XVIII cent., which originated from Moscow workshop, where master M.V.Grigoriev is known to work in the late XVIII - early XIX cent. Hypothetical attribution of this picture to Grigoriev, done by E.I.Itkina (SHM), is based on the stylistic similarity to the signed works of the artist.